Obá-Talá means "King that shines above all that exists" and can also be translated as "King of the cloak".
And is that to Obatala, father of all children on earth, he is owed immense respect from all men in the universe as one of the greatest Orishas and for being the creator of human beings and everything that hasabita in the planet.
Who is the Orisha Obatala?
He is the benevolent and wise old man, but at the same time just and upright, who advises the other Orishas and protects the humans who haveabitan the Earth.
He governs all parts of the human body, mainly the head and thoughts and adores whiteness and white metals, especially silver, as a symbol of peace and purity and exponents of cleanliness and neatness.
Obatala It represents at the same time creation and the magnanimous, but it is also pride, anger and despotism, because, although it brings intelligence, peace and calm, it does not tolerate disrespect on the part of its children and devotees.
The Orisha Obatala is one of the seven major and main Orishas of the Yoruba religion. He was born as an incarnation of the supreme gods Olofín and Oloddumare and his first commission was to create the Earth, although he could not finish the work and for that reason he was descended to the greater Orisha.
But he is still venerated as the oldest and wisest of all the saints of the Afro-Cuban pantheon, since Obbatalá in nature is symbolized by the mountains.añas and thus possesses strength and endurance.
The Roads of Obatalá and their male and female personifications
The roads of Obatalá they address his masculine and feminine personifications, as he is the only Orisha that can appear as a man or a woman.
Below we present the paths of the Orisha Obatalá and their descriptions:
|The Unity Way||Gender||Description|
|1||ayaguna||Male||Ayaguna is a male Obatala very similar to the Orisha of the rays, Shango. He is a warrior, fearless and combative and carries a cane. This Obbatalá is the son of Oshagriñán and king of Ketú who was a powerful quarrelsome warrior, a friend of gossiping and drinking. But he is also a great rider and can fight mounted. As a young and brave man, he is the king of war and dependencies and spread the fighting all over the world. He came to fight from Africa to Asia. His dance is vigorous and warrior. He wears white and wears a red cross stripe. Her necklace has eight red and sixteen white beads.|
|2||Obatala Orisha Aye||Female||This path shows Obatala as the female Orisha of purity. It was born in the sea and is represented by a large shell called Okinkonko. He is linked to the orisha Oshún and his necklace has 25 stones the color of the egg yolk.|
|3||Obatala Orishanla||Female||In this feminine path, Obbatalá, is a cold and trembling old woman who is related to transformation and the feeling of forgiveness. She was Odúa's wife and while he was doing ifá to her children, she taught them her interpretation, which is why she is a very important Orisha for the Awó ni Orumila. Its tureen must be white without ornaments, cotton is placed inside with a parrot feather on top, a small rocking chair, an ivory or white onyx ball, a pair of glasses, a cane, a thimble, a silver rosary and a house. And on the outside, a snail, 21 iron bars, 3 onyx eggs, a five-legged five-legged hen, a palm nut and fertilized soil. Her necklace is made of mother-of-pearl.|
|4||Obatala Igba Ibo||Female||It is the Orisha that is not seen and is symbolized with the eye of Divine Providence. Those who manage to see it go blind. She is an old woman with wrinkles and white hair.|
|5||Obatala Oba Lufon||Male||On this road to Obatalá he is syncretized with Jesus of Nazareth. It represents the sun and taught man everything he knows. He is the inventor of carpentry and protector of mothers.|
|6||Obatala Ocha Grinan||Male||This Obatalá has his house on the mountainaña, is Olofin's messenger and is the one who guides towards the ilé or house that Olofin has on the hill. He owns the owl representing the one he can see in the dark. He may be a hunchbacked old man with feeble steps, but when he needs it he is a brave warrior who stands tall and fights. His necklace is made with 24 white beads and one red, until finished, before closing it a silver crucifix is placed.|
|7||Obatala Acho||Male||He is a young warrior who wears a red ribbon around his waist just like Ayaguna and Oshagriñan. He is the father of fabrics and wears silk fabrics. But he is not greedy with what he has and helps to ensure that they never lack employment or support for their children, which is why he is associated with prayers for prosperity and money. His attributes are an ax, a saw, a lily and two doves, all preferably made of silver. Your necklace, in addition to white and transparent, must have a wooden bead or a brown bead.|
|8||Obatala Oba Moro||Male||He is the old and wise man who represents the protective spirit of the earth. He always walks as if carrying something on his back and humps under the weight of all his knowledge. Its necklace is made with 16 white beads, two of soap water, a purple glory, two soap waters, 16 white and at the end a wooden cross is placed. He is the representative of the sick and his messengers are the alapini (albinos), ashipa (lepers), samí (dwarfs) and chinikú (crippled). The children of ObaMoró pray for their heads with dried fruits, never with water fruits. On land, Arará is known as Jué Até.|
|9||Obatala Efun Yobi||Male||On this path Obatalá was worshiped intensely, in a way that has been forgotten today. He is depicted as Saint Joseph de la Montaña.|
|10||Obatala Yeku Yeku||Male||He is an old man where the Orisha father represents wisdom, humanity and humility, and he listens with great patience to the problems that his children have and always tries to solve difficulties. Its necklace is made of 16 white beads and 8 of mother-of-pearl interspersed with 8 of ivory. Its attributes are a cane and two balls from which they are extracted from the stomach of cattle.|
|11||Obatala Alaguema||Male||This Obbatalá road has green as a complement to its white color, which is why it is related to the Orisha Inle, it is represented by a chameleon. He is a guardian and watchman at the top of the ceiba tree, and also lives leaning against the river walls. He carries among his belongings a cane, two moñingas, a long-nosed sword and two hands of snails, and he eats at 12 o'clock in the day. Your necklace can be made like the example of Ayáguna but substituting red for green.|
|12||Obatala Talabi||Female||This path is feminine and syncretizes with Saint Rita de Casia, as it protects children from all evil.|
|13||Obatala Ayalua||Male||Obatalá the exterminator and is related to the Orisha of the Oceans, Olokun, because he lives in the center of the seas and has secrets that nobody knows.|
|14||Obatala Okeilu||Male||On this road, Obbatalá is a guardian and for this he lives in high places watching over his children. He also lives in grant houses that help the homeless.|
|15||Obatala Olufon||Male||Obatalá is also a wise old man, protector of oral expression and oratory. It is symbolized with a crown of white stones and 16 parrot feathers.|
|16||Obatala Aguinyan||Male||This is one of the lesser known paths of Obbatalá, but it is the one that directs the communication of the Orishas with the world.|
|17||Obatala Obalabi||Female||In this way, Obatalá is female and is in charge of making announcements. It is attracted by the sound of a silver triangle.|
|18||Obatala Elefuro||Male||Obatalá in this way is protector of the oil and lives behind a curtain. Thanks to him, the lamps shine.|
|19||Obatala Orisha Yeye||Female||This path of Obbatalá is feminine and is represented as a beautiful woman protector of femininity.|
|20||Obatala Obon||Male||Obatalá has all the secrets related to spirits and has knowledge of Egyptian practices. It is near the head of those who are dying.|
|21||Obatala Obanla||Female||On this road, Obatalá is a woman and the owner of the road lights.|
|22||Obatala Aycalambo||Male||It represents drunkards and lives in a jar covered with shells.|
|23||Obatala Orischa Iwin||Male||He is a warrior and protects the door of the Orisha's palace. He is the protector of the potters.|
|Obatala Agguidai||Male||This path represents the messenger who takes the petitions to Obbatalá. His collar is white and has colored sections.|
|24||Obatala Eyuaro||Male||This path represents the wise Obatala, owner of knowledge, unalterable and immutable|
|25||Obatala Ayenolu||Male||It represents the Obbatalá who keeps calm in the world. It has a necklace of 16 jet black beads and wears colored scarves.|
|26||Obatala Abany||Male||He is the protector of the blind, he lives in the water and drinks from a tin pot.|
|27||Obatala Eururu||Male||This Obatalá is the advisor of the young people. He carries a silver cane with a cross, a horse, a pen, a book, and palm leaves.|
|28||Obatala Oshereilbo||Male and female||On this road to Obbatalá it can be considered male or female and is adorned with parrot feathers and shells.|
|29||Obatalá Hey Lade||Male||Obbatalá is a hunter and carries a jar of deer, a carving of a woman in wood and ivory.|
|30||Obatala Oyu Alueko||Male||This path represents the Obbatalá soothsayer.|
|31||Obatala Edegu||Male||He is the King of the Earth. It is represented by a mounted lead doll and 16 seashells.|
|32||Obatala Bibi Nike||Male||It is the giant Cyclops Obbatalá. It represents the fight for difficult things and carries a sword, a spear and a shield.|
|33||Obatala Ekanike||Male||In this way Obbatalá is a warrior and guardian of the city. He wears red and white and needs a gunpowder-filled horn for the strength of his tureen.|
|34||Obatala Ochalufon||Male||This path represents a very old and very tall Obatala, who is completely hidden from head to toe with a white sheet. He dances crouched, with his hands almost on the floor without touching it. It is syncretized with the Blessed Sacrament, and in some parts with Jesús Nazareno. It has 24 white beads and 1 coral among 2 crystal.|
|35||Obatala Ondo||Female||In this way, Obatala is a woman and a maiden. It lives on the rocky reefs that border the sea and is protective of the sailors.|
|36||Obatala Oloyu Okuni||Male||This is the sovereign Obatala of human eyes. He wears arrows and his crown is decorated with 4 parrot feathers.|
|37||Obatala Ocha Orulu||Male||He is the king of metals and his tureen is wrapped with a silver chain.|
|38||Obatala Alabalache||Male||This path represents the oracles of Obatalá and with them the present, past and future are known. He is a guide to the seashells.|
|39||Obatala Ana Suare||Male||Lord of suffering. Old, long-suffering and proud. It is represented with two machetes, two spears, whips, and a crown.|
|40||Obatala Ogan||Male||This path represents the guardian of Obatalá. Its necklace has 16 corojos and is washed with green coconut water.|
|41||Obatala Airanike||Male||Obatalá is a warrior and companion of the rainbow. He is riding a horse and his tools are made of silver.|
|42||Obatala Ekundire||Male||He rides a tiger and carries a sword in his hand.|