One of the divinities most worshiped by Cubans is orula, mythical soothsayer and one of the most important figures of the Yoruba cult brought from Africa and syncretized with the Catholic rites.
Orula is a key representation of this Creole religion, a sample of Cuban identity.
Orunmila in the Yoruba Religion:
Next, we explain 10 representative elements of this Orisha:
1. The Orisha Soothsayer
Orula is the representation of wisdom and reason, good decisions, factors in favor.
He is the great benefactor of humanity and its main adviser. It is the Orisha of divination, the supreme oracle and reveals the future through the secret of Ifá.
2. Syncretism: Orula in the Catholic religion
Syncretized with the Catholic figure of Saint Francis of Assisi, hence it is celebrated on the same day of commemoration, on October 4.
Saint Francis of Assisi was a friar who decided to live under the strictest poverty and observance of the Gospels, whose teachings dictate that we must be simple, humble and pure.
3. Allows communication with the Orishas
Through the use of the supreme oracle of the Yoruba, Orula, he is also known as orunmila, allows communication with all the orishas with divinatory methods that show the future of men on earth.
Orula is the messenger of the word, the mandate and the decisions of the deities over the heads of the believers, it is he who transmits the desire of the orishas for our destiny.
4. The babalawo is your representative
The babalawos they are the representatives of Orula on Earth. Believers go to them when they need to consult and know the desire of the orishas, about life problems or new challenges and undertakings.
The babalawo will consult them following the divinatory methods of Orula to know their future and the situations in the past, present and future. In this way, it transmits to the consultant what they should do so that their future actions have positive results.
5. Orisha counselor
Orula, as soothsayer and owner of the oracle, has the possibility of influencing destiny, even if it is the most adverse. That is why we say that Orula's word never falls to the ground, because what this orisha transmits to us is sacred, just and true.
Those who do not follow Orula's advice, be they men or Orishas, can be victims of the Osogbos (negative energy) sent by Eshu, the god of misfortune. Therefore, if in the consultation the babalawo indicates to do ebbó (spiritual cleansing), we must do it as quickly as possible to obtain the support of Orula.
6. Attributes of Orula
His attributes are related to his role as fortune teller and counselor. It has 2 hands of Ikines, an otá (stone), a cedar tablet, board (Opón Ifá or Até Ifá), a carved horn (Irofá), an Iruke (horse's tail), an okpele or rosary of Ifá and Yefá or Orula powder.
7. Offerings to Orula
Orula is offered fruits such as yams and coconut, and the white basil plant among others, and animals such as goat, black hen, pigeon and deer are sacrificed to him.
The Ewe (herbs) that belong to and carry the Ashé de Orula are: olive, purple aguinaldo, small basil, arabian, altea, arará, acediana, noodle vine, colony, copey, coconut bark, gallant at night, paradise, Ceiba , yams, etc.
8. Hand of Orula Ceremony
The Mano de Orula ceremony allows us to know with which Odu (sign) the person came down to earth, through this sign life and destiny are governed.
It provides a solution to future, current and past problems and circumstances that arise, strengthening weaknesses and allowing spiritual growth, strength and character of the person, which lead to reaching their destiny and mission on earth.
9. Devotion in his day, 4 for October
Orula celebrates its day on October 4, when all the babalawos celebrate as well. That day the godchildren must attend the godparents' house and entertain Orula.
They should kneel in front of the Orisha and pray "Orunmila igboru, Orunmila igboya, Orunmila igboshishe."
At the end of the prayer, the godson should turn to his godfather and say "Oluo igboru, Oluo igboya, Oluo igboshishe" in respect.
That day 2 candles (Itanas) and a coconut (Obi) are taken to Orumila as an offering and gratitude.
10. The first prophet
Orula in the Yoruba religion He is considered the first prophet in the world, sent by Olodumare, the Supreme God, to control the evolution of all his creations. His name, Orunmila, means "only heaven knows who will be saved."