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Do you know the parts of the human body for the Yoruba and their meaning?

Body parts in Yoruba

According to the Yorubas Before being born, it has already been decided what will happen to our lives and all this occurs through the mediation of the Orí (head or spiritual essence), who determines what will be the fundamental purpose in life that destiny has in store for us.

The energies of the Universe are aligned and are used for this purpose, to achieve balance more easily, always in order to be able to live with health, joy and protection.

Our body for the Yorubas is integrated together by all the Orishas and Oshas, ​​and each one fulfills a significant role.

3 Main elements of the human body:

We as human beings are essentially made up of three components:

  1. Orí (Soul),
  2. Ará (Body)
  3. Emí (Spirit)

1. The Orí, our soul:

The soul is represented by the head, because it is the head that chooses our destiny on earth from heaven.

The head is the one that processes, the one that thinks, the one that disposes, the one that contains all the learning of old incarnations, the one that until death is closed to our conscience.

Orí instructs the body (Ará) how it should act and make its movements.

Orí is a sacred altar that stores all communication with the spiritual forces that exist.

In the Orí there are three important and connected centers called:

  • Iwaju Ori: It is like a third eye located on the forehead where spiritual power resides.
  • Atari: It is located at the crown of our head, it is a source of spiritual power that connects with our inner spirit on another level.
  • Ipako: His spiritual power is located at the base of the skull.

It is nothing more than our cerebellum and who commands the actions in our body (Ará), it does not always work together with the brain (Opolo) because the stomach and the sexual organs influence it.


  • The Iwaju Orí grants a mysterious perception
  • The Ipako It facilitates the possession of the person and when it is already possessed by the Orisha, the Ashe of this enters the Orí of the medium through Ipako.

2. The Ará, our body:

It is nothing more than our physical body made up of our Orishas (spiritual forces) and all our internal organs.

3. Emí, our spirit:

She is the daughter of Olodumare and he gives her to us to be able to live.

Emí facilitates our own consultations, internal debates, she is the one who stores memories of the incarnation as if in a warehouse, she is the one who steps aside from our consciousness when we "ride" an Osha coming out of our body.

Emí is a breath of life, energy, courage, strength that gives us the God Olodumare every day in our life.

6 other fundamental parts of the human body in Yoruba

1. Orí Inu, the inner spirit

Orí Inu's container is Orí.

Orí Inu is categorized as our inner self, the most essential and unseen part of life, it is the inner spirit of each one of us, which makes each human being an independent being.

There are two parts of the body (Ará) that greatly affect Orí and make him lose control.

  • One is the Ipin Jeun (stomach) and
  • Òko and Obo (male and female sexual organ).

Orí Inu is a mystery, it is our subconscious, it is who fate transmits to us and who we are.

This subconscious is made up of: Apari Inu y Orí Àpeere

Apari Inu:

The source of consciousness, sensitivity or perception of each one of us is our character, our behavior.

If the Apári Inú is positive, we can face any problem in life by being compliant, mitigating penalties, avoiding failures, material things will not matter, that is, you will act with a lot of spirituality.

Instead, envy, resentment and jealousy are enemy number one because Apári Inu will not serve and our Orí Ápeere will be disastrous.

  • Apa -means sign or mark
  • Orí means consciousness
  • Inú - means interior
Orí Àpeere:

It is the destiny on earth that each person must follow. They are simply the patterns of consciousness, of our perception.

Each of us is responsible for the patterns with which we relate.

The energy patterns (Odú) are important because at the same time that you choose a destination you are choosing a specific Odú to guide your consciousness through a specific reincarnation.

Subdivisions of Orí Ápeere or destination:

  • Àyánmó Ipin: It cannot be changed in our destiny because it is where we are born, from whom we are born, that is, we are predetermined to it.
  • Akunleyan: It refers to a request that is made when one passes from death back to earth asking for the option to overcome the previous life.
    This request is made in front of the person in charge of building the heads (Ijala Mopin) and Orunmila Eleripin as a witness to the creation.
  • akunlegbá: Applied to the concept of free will, are those situations that help the events that occur naturally and that condition the execution of Akúnlèyan (option).

Akúnlèyan and Akúnlegbá can be modified by Apári Inú (the character).

All the sacrifices that we make, both religious and natural, will be taken into account by the deities in order to overcome all kinds of obstacles.

2. Opolo, the brain

It is our brain and in it throughout the years all the information that Orí will need to be able to understand, raise awareness, understanding, cunning and our intellect is stored.

These points will be used by Opolo to improve his development and his different states of existence.

The brain can suffer from many distresses, particularly the disorder of our consciousness or dislocation of the brain.

3. Okan, our heart

Our heart is Okan and it is who pumps blood to all parts of the body and keeps it alive by administering blood that distributes oxygen and nutrients throughout our body.

4. Abibo, the hemispheres

abibo habita within Opolo (brain) and is related to Orí (head, soul).

It is divided in two parts:

  • Right cerebral hemisphere (Akinkin Otun Olo Orun Abibo)
  • Left cerebral hemisphere (Osin Olo Orun Abibo Gongo Orun)

It is Abibo who teaches us to move our members and how they work.

5. Ojiji, the shadow that accompanied usaña

It is our shadow, the one that always accompanied usaña wherever we are.

Who does not have a shadow is really dead and the shadow can be the same our best ally or friend, as our enemy.

6. Íponrí, the big toe

Íponrí lives in the big toe, first toe, or Hallux of the left foot.

It is who tells Orí the direction that destiny will take and it is where habitan our female ancestors.

Understanding the powerful meaning of body parts in Yoruba gives us an ancient power of wisdom about our essence and being.

Learn more about the Orishas and the Yoruba pantheon:

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